On the Chinese market, from technology to application, in terms of green energy conservation, the current lighting industry is in a revolutionary upgrading period.
Incandescent lamp will be out energy-saving lamps at the height of power LED is in the ascendant.
The rational return of the policy to the market-led development, the government issued a subsidy policy to provide research and development subsidies to enterprises can not only promote the progress of new technologies, but also stimulate the market, form mass production, and promote the decline in the price of raw materials, provide better support for the development of LED industry. However, this is not the case.
As a large gathering area of LED industry, in recent years, China's LED industry has developed by leaps and bounds, the industrial supporting facilities have been gradually improved, LED technology has been continuously improved, costs have been continuously reduced, and product prices have gradually become popular.
However, compared with the international, there is still a big gap in China's LED industry. The slow development of enterprises is not due to insufficient government support and subsidies. On the contrary, it is due to excessive government subsidies and support, this has caused many enterprises to suffer from government dependence and lost the motivation to participate in market competition.
At the beginning of the market start-up, government subsidies are definitely helpful to expand the market and will have a definite pulling effect on the whole industrial chain.
However, neither enterprises nor local governments can take subsidies as the only means.
Because the enterprises and products that can get subsidies only account for a small part, technological innovation, brand and channel construction are still needed to occupy the market.
Blind development with quick success and instant benefits will only lead to insufficient competitiveness and will not escape the bad luck of being eliminated in the market.
The huge amount of state financial subsidies has not given these enterprises who grew up in greenhouses a new life, but has become a catalyst for their premature death.
At the same time, the state finance is also unable to bear more and more huge enterprises with no benefits as long as subsidies.
Many people think that the development of LED lighting industry is a market economy behavior. If the government policies intervene too much, it will not be conducive to its development in a benign direction and will eventually follow the footsteps of photovoltaic industry.
In fact, although the starting point of local governments is good, excessive investment subsidies are just one of the major causes of overcapacity in the industry.
The country's huge subsidies increased the impulse of some enterprises to invest, while the terminal consumption subsidies eventually evolved into direct subsidies to production enterprises.
At present, although many local governments still vigorously support the LED industry and issue relevant policies, since Shenzhen abolished the LED industry plan in early 2013, the LED industrial policies of the country and many local governments are beginning to become rational.
After the accumulation of technology in recent years, China's LED industry technology has developed rapidly, and conventional technology is no longer a big problem perplexing the development of LED enterprises.
In addition, in recent years, the large-scale ordering of domestic LED equipment has basically balanced the quantity of equipment with the demand of the whole market. In 2014, the national policy will increase subsidies for terminal consumption of products, instead of supporting enterprise technology research and development, equipment introduction and industrial scale, policies similar to household appliance subsidies may come.
Especially in the face of the overall downturn in the LED industry, the state will start a new round of subsidies.
The concept of green lighting is misunderstood. According to the data, the current lighting energy consumption accounts for of the total power consumption, while the significance of green lighting lies in that the power consumption can be reduced by 80 from incandescent lamps to energy-saving lamps. After this replacement process is completed, the lighting energy consumption ratio will be correspondingly reduced to 17, while the current NXP has 0. 5 billion chips for energy-saving lamps, which is equivalent to a reduction of kilograms of carbon dioxide per year. Future sales are expected to expand 10 times and 20 times, the meaning of energy saving is even more unlimited.
As for the mercury pollution of energy-saving lamps criticized by the world, there are also great misunderstandings. On the one hand, mercury pollution of energy-saving lamps does exist, however, mercury pollution also exists in many fields in nature, compared with people turning pale about mercury in energy-saving lamps, research shows that an energy-saving lamp contains less mercury than a marine fish such as salmon shark.
The gap between the reality and the ideal of LED lighting, for the current industry that LED lighting design mainly has the problem of heat dissipation, Chen Wei has more supplements.
He believes that although there are short-term solutions such as fans and openings, the fundamental direction to solve LED application is to improve the light efficiency. When the light efficiency is the same and the light efficiency is the same, the brightness is also relatively improved.
Since LED is also a semiconductor, subject to Moore's law, its performance will be greatly improved on a regular basis.
When it comes to the market application of LED, some people think that the direction should be intelligent and innovative lighting.
Because the original user must first think about the place where the lamps are placed before decoration, intelligent lighting allows the user to place the lamps in any position, regardless of light or surface light. In addition, another application field of LED is biomolecules, for example, the chicken and flower industry needs deep dimming. However, energy-saving lamps are usually unable to do so except incandescent lamps. NXP has developed a new LED chip scheme that can be adjusted to 1, which is widely praised by the market.
It is estimated that the LED market share will range from 1 to 20-
The time span of 30 may not be too long, and the cost of LED is expected to be reduced due to value differentiation. However, it is also difficult to achieve the cost gradient of energy-saving lamps. How fast LED can go depends on the speed of light efficiency improvement of its light source.