EMC mode is an energy-saving renovation method for urban lighting
How to implement urban lighting energy conservation work?
Can urban lighting energy-saving renovation be carried out efficiently under the existing management system? This is a question worth discussing.
At present, most of the urban public lighting systems belong to the municipal public utilities industry, which has the nature of public welfare undertakings and is mainly managed by the government.
From construction to operation, as well as the later maintenance costs are borne by the government finance, the financing channel is single, the facility renewal capacity is weak, and the operation efficiency is low.
Due to the large investment in urban public lighting and the low rate of return, the government's enthusiasm for re-investment in lamp maintenance and energy-saving renovation is not high, as a result, the public lighting in many cities has the phenomena of aging of lamps, serious light decline, low lighting rate, no lights on the road and no lights on the road, failing to meet the relevant national standards for road lighting, resulting in hidden dangers of public security and traffic, it cannot meet the needs of the general public for night travel. In the process of urbanization construction and development, urban lighting construction lags far behind the actual needs.
At the beginning of this year, the China Energy Conservation Association organized green lighting experts to conduct field research on representative cities across the country and found that many cities have the same problems.
Taking Handan city in Hebei province as an example, the overall illumination of the city at night is insufficient, the public lighting lacks overall planning, the street lights of many roads in the urban area are seriously decaying or lack of proper lighting, and the energy waste is serious.
EMC contract energy management mode can effectively solve the capital demand problem of urban lighting energy-saving renovation.
The National Standardization Management Committee officially issued the 'general principles of contract energy management technology'.
EMC contract energy management mode is the energy-saving service contract signed by the energy-saving service company and the government, provide services such as energy audit, feasibility study, project design, project financing, equipment provision, engineering construction, personnel training, energy conservation monitoring, operation, maintenance and management of the transformation system, within a certain period of cooperation, the two sides share the energy-saving benefits of energy-saving projects in accordance with a certain proportion.
EMC contract energy management mode has effectively solved the contradiction between the existing system and marketization of urban lighting management.
Under the existing monopoly system, the financing channels are not smooth and the enthusiasm is not high. The disadvantages are obvious to all and cannot meet the needs of urbanization development. Complete marketization is also not feasible.
In terms of nature, after all, urban public lighting has public welfare and sharing.
The main body of marketization is the enterprise. The management of urban public lighting is only a means, and the investment profit is the purpose.
The government's investment in public lighting is a means, and providing high-quality public lighting is an end.
Only when the two are combined can the government ensure the realization of the goal of high-quality public lighting, and enterprises can obtain benefits and achieve a win-win situation by realizing the government's goal.
Otherwise, there will be lessons from the market-oriented reform of Kunming street lamps.
The advantages of EMC can be summarized as: the government carries out energy-saving projects under the guarantee of zero investment, zero risk, zero waste and high efficiency;
The government can enjoy energy-saving benefits without investing a penny;
The saved energy fee is used to pay the investment cost of the enterprise's energy saving project;
The government has avoided the capital risk, quality risk and safety risk of the energy-saving project, and the enterprises participating in the project have pledged to ensure the energy-saving benefits of the project with property mortgage;
The long-term energy-saving benefits of government projects have become the legal responsibility of enterprises participating in the projects.
The energy wasted by the government is converted into new technologies and equipment with zero investment; Invest in energy-saving transformation with wasted energy;
Participating companies use new technologies and new equipment in exchange for government waste energy, turning waste into treasure, and achieving win-win.
In the case of insufficient government energy-saving renovation funds, the funds of participating enterprises can be used to complete energy-saving renovation projects.
Eliminate the government's pressure on energy-saving investment and worries about energy-saving effects.
In addition to the direct energy-saving benefits of the project, new technologies and new equipment can also reduce maintenance costs and reduce financial expenditures.
In order to promote the development of China's energy conservation industry, the Chinese government has done a lot of work in policy guidance and financial support.
At present, there are thousands of companies that provide energy-saving services based on EMC contract energy management mode, which are jointly filed by the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Finance. It is the main force of China's energy-saving industry;
The National Green Lighting Education Demonstration Base project under the China Energy Conservation Association has set up many green lighting energy-saving demonstration benchmark projects nationwide.
These enterprises and projects provide a broad cooperation platform and reference for the reform of urban public lighting management system and energy-saving renovation of public lighting.
Zhejiang Haining and Guangdong Zhongshan have achieved good results through EMC mode of urban lighting energy-saving renovation.
Guangdong province's experience in urban lighting energy conservation is worth learning.
The provincial government has formulated specific rectification targets in light of the actual situation of the province.
By the end of 2014, the lighting equipment in the developed areas of the Pearl River Delta, which is financially paid for, must complete energy-saving transformation, and the less developed areas will complete energy-saving transformation by the end of 2015.
EMC contract energy management mode is mainly adopted.
Reasonable planning of urban public lighting, improvement of lighting quality, use of new technologies to reduce energy consumption of lamps, and adoption of EMC contract energy management mode are effective methods to change the current situation of urban public lighting and implement energy-saving renovation of urban lighting.